What Are Eating Disorders? And What Are Common Types?

What are eating disorders?

Eating disorders are a group of mental states. That leads people to develop bad eating habits. Body Weight, body size, or some food habits can be an indication.

Eating disorders can manifest themselves in different ways. In contrast, the majority of people need to clear up behaviors. Such as constant food control, eat too much or vomiting, or too much exercise.

Eating disorders can affect persons. It can be in any gender and age, but they are more commonly seen in teenagers and young ladies.

1. Anorexia nervosa

People who overeat and have purifying personalities may eat too much or too little. People in this condition purify themselves by vomiting after eating, taking laxatives or diuretics, or exercising more. Anorexia can be extremely harmful to one's health. Individuals with it may experience. Like bone weakness, brittle hair, infertility, and nails.

Patients with anorexia nervosa may reduce their food intake or compensate by participating in various purging techniques.

2. Binge eating disorder

It usually begins in early in life, but it can affect anyone at any age. The symptoms of this condition are similar to those of bulimia and the anorexia subtype of binge eating.

Binge eating occurs when a person consumes a great amount of food in a short period of time and loses control. People with bipolar disorder do not count calories or participate in cleansing activities such as vomiting or overeating.

3. Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia patients frequently eat. They enjoy consuming a large amount of food. Binge eating occurs when a person eats until he or she is entirely satisfied.

During a binge, it is common for the person to be unable to stop eating or control the amount of food ingested. Bulimia nervosa patients eat a lot of food in a short period of time and then purge. They're afraid of gaining weight even when they're at a healthy weight.

4. Rumination disorder

Another eating problem that has only lately been identified is ruminative disorder. Food regurgitation is a condition in which a person regurgitates food. That has already been digested and ingested, chews it again, then swallows or spits it out.

This ruminating occurs most often within the first Half an hour after a meal. It usually arises in neonates between the ages of 3 and 12 months and then goes away on its own. The illness may necessitate therapy for both toddlers and adults. The disorder causes people to vomit the food they've just swallowed. Before swallowing or spitting it out, they chew it once more.

Adults with this disorder may restrict their food intake, particularly when out in public. They may as a result underweight and lose a lot of weight

5. Pica

Pica is a type of eating disorder in which people eat things that aren't food. Pica sufferers crave non-food items like ice, mud, soil, chalk, soap, paper, hair, fabric, wool, pebbles, laundry detergent, or cornstarch.

Pica can affect anyone, including adults, toddlers, and teenagers. This illness, on the other hand, is most common among children, pregnant women, and those with mental illnesses.

Summary >> Eating disorders are mental illnesses that are characterized by a food fixation or a negative body image. Anyone can be affected, but young women are particularly vulnerable.

Author view >> Despite the name's use of the term "eating disorder," eating disorders are more than just a problem with food. These are highly complicated psychological problems that need frequent help from healthcare and psychiatrist in Gurgaon experts to change their course.